Investments in this area will help countries determine what technical and financial support they need in order to achieve adequate compliance with norms established by the World Health Organisation and the World Organisation for Animal Health, and will catalyse support from a range of sources to help countries meet those needs.
We will give high priority to supporting WHO-led Joint External Evaluations of countries' compliance with the WHO's 2005 International Health Regulations and assessments led by the World Organisation for Animal Health of the performance of countries' veterinary services. Further, we will work with others to support action on the recommendations of these assessment exercises.
Australia's key health security investment options at the country level will be identified and developed during the course of 2017-18 in close consultation with partner governments, other providers of external assistance and relevant international, research and non-government organisations. Our investments will complement and build upon existing support for countries' health systems, as well as for their efforts to contain the spread of their highest-impact infectious diseases.
We will seek to build on the most successful elements of past investments, such as:
- Australian-supported initiatives of the World Bank, the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation, WHO and others to contain highly-pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) in Indonesia, Timor-Leste, Vietnam and Myanmar (2006-16).
- financial and in-kind support for Indonesia to strengthen disease surveillance, improve veterinary services and develop integrated preparedness and response capabilities under the Australia-Indonesia Partnership (2010-present)
- assistance to Papua New Guinea to improve quarantine standards and surveillance capacity in relation to highly pathogenic avian influenza (2006-10), and
- assistance to Papua New Guinea to improve the detection, diagnosis and treatment of TB, including multi-drug resistant TB, particularly in the National Capital District and Western Province (2012-present).