Biosecurity and germ warfare


Dr Norman Swan

Dr Michael Osterholm was among the first to describe toxic shock syndrome — and also analysed one of the earliest descriptions of infection during warfare. He's currently serving as US Science Envoy on Global Health Security, working to ensure cooperation across countries when it comes to combating infectious disease. He reflects on the current biosecurity landscape, the possibilities for low-tech labs to engineer germs for warfare, and the history of bacterial infection.