African swine fever spreads to VN-Cambodia border
African swine fever has spread to parts of Vietnam that border Cambodia’s Ratanakkiri and Kratie provinces, a Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries official said on Friday. Tan Phannara, the General Directorate of Animal Health and Production director-general, told a Phnom Penh workshop that he had received informal information from animal feed companies and animal raising associations that outbreaks of African swine fever in Vietnam were getting closer to Cambodia. He called on Ratanakkiri and Kratie department officials to remain alert in monitoring for outbreaks. “I have received information that [Vietnamese] provinces that border Ratanakkiri and Kratie are reporting cases of African swine fever, and so I urge all officials to be vigilant,” he said.
‘Avoid election rallies to prevent swine flu’
With the deadly swine flu virus (H1N1) becoming highly active since the beginning of the year and 35 new cases being detected in the last few days, health experts warned people to cautious during the election season. The experts said that the virus could spread quickly at political meetings and rallies due to large gathering.
DOH: Store water but avoid dengue
Health Secretary Francisco Duque III appealed to Metro Manila and Rizal residents suffering from the water supply crisis to be cautious about how they store water to prevent a possible outbreak of dengue, which was already breaking records in terms of number of cases and deaths. Duque on Friday said even a small amount of water, like that which fills a bottle cap, could serve as breeding ground for the dengue-carrying mosquito Aedes aegypti if left unattended.
Lighting up hope from medical research
Vietnam so far has had to rely on foreign manufacturers for the supply of influenza vaccines. The best way to ensure access to these human lifesaving tools is to produce vaccines constantly and always be ready for pandemic response. Witnessing the achievements after much hardship, Dr. Le Van Be, former Head of the Institute of Vaccines and Medical Biologicals (IVAC), confidently affirmed that this is a resounding success in research cooperation between IVAC and international organisations, such as the World Health Organisation (WHO), the global health organisation PATH and the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA). The success has been also praised by the world, recognising the prestige and intelligence of the Vietnamese medical sector. It not only brings great benefits to public healthcare but will also supply vaccines to the world in the near future.
Workforce Development Action Package meeting Bangkok
The GHSA Meeting on the Progress & Ways forward for the Regional StrategicFrameworks in Animal & Human Health on Workforce Development 13th-15th March 2019 , Arnoma Grand Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand.
Zika Virus Endemic In Thailand, Study Shows
Unlike in South America where the Zika virus disappears two or three years after outbreaks, Zika transmission in Thailand has persisted for at least 16 years. The Aedes mosquito is found in most tropical and subtropical countries, including Southeast Asia, and is a vector for the transmission of flaviruses such as the Zika virus. While the spread of Zika virus is well documented in South America, information on Zika outbreaks in Southeast Asia is scarce.
When It Comes to Disease, Why Wait for a Pandemic to Respond?
Rapid response to a real-life pandemic is essential, and the role of community awareness and preparedness is critical—why wait for a real-life pandemic to learn how to respond? In the lead up to the O2 simulation, students participate in a two-week civics and science module on outbreak response, then take on roles as clinicians, epidemiologists, government officials, military, media, and the general population. During the simulation, students face the possibility of infection while carrying out these roles.
The elephant–livestock interface modulates anthrax suitability in India
Michael G. Walsh et at.,
Both biotic and abiotic features contributed to risk across multiple scales of influence. The elephant–livestock interface was the dominant feature in delineating anthrax suitability. In addition, water–soil balance, soil chemistry and historical forest loss were also influential. These findings suggest that the elephant–livestock interface plays an important role in the cycling of anthrax in India.
Infections among Contacts of Patients with Nipah Virus, India
Nipah virus (NiV) infection is an emerging zoonotic disease that has the potential to cause severe disease in both animals and humans. Fruit bats of the Pteropus genus (family Pteropodidae) are the natural hosts of NiV. Outbreaks of NiV have been reported from Malaysia, Singapore, Bangladesh, and eastern India; mortality rates are 40%–70%. We conducted a serosurvey of 155 healthcare workers and 124 household and community members who had close contact with 18 patients who had laboratory-confirmed Nipah virus infections in Kerala, India. We detected 3 subclinical infections; 2 persons had IgM and IgG and 1 only IgM against Nipah virus.
Bharat Biotech's Zika, Chikungunya vaccines to enter Phase II trials; focus now on private label market
So far there are no vaccines in the world against Zika and Chikungunya. Both are viral diseases and spread primarily by mosquito bites. It takes around 10 to 15 years to complete all three phases of clinical trials of a vaccine before it can get marketing licensing. Phase-II trial takes around two years and the vaccine has to be tested on 200-300 patients. Vaccine maker Bharat Biotech International said two of its vaccines against Zika and Chikungunya will be entering phase-II clinical trials, where they will be tested on humans for safety and efficacy.