Antibiotic resistance in farm animals tied to global hot spots
Resistance to the antibiotics commonly used in livestock production is rising in food-producing animals in the developing world, and China and India are seeing the worst of it, according to a new paper from an international team of researchers. The authors of the paper, published yesterday in Science, say the findings are consistent with intensified meat production in many lower- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where antibiotic use in livestock is much less regulated than it is in Europe or the United States, and antibiotics are widely used to promote faster growth and compensate for poor hygiene and less nutritious feed.
Clinically silent relapsing malaria may still pose a threat
Flu on the farm
Modern farms are particularly vulnerable to devastation from influenza. A large farm might hold tens of thousands of chickens or thousands of pigs in the name of efficient protein production, and this creates an opportunity for viruses such as influenza to mutate and spread. But there is an even greater fear: that these ever-changing viruses will give rise to the next human pandemic. Last year marked the 100-year anniversary of a pandemic that killed as many as 50 million people worldwide. “We’re worried,” says Ip, “about another Spanish flu.” To prevent that from happening, researchers need to bolster surveillance efforts and curb the spread of flu in animals.
India joins the Global Antimicrobial Resistance Research and Development Hub
India announced yesterday that it has joined the Global Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) Research and Development (R&D) Hub, becoming the 16th nation to join the global partnership. The Global AMR R&D Hub, launched in May 2018 at the World Health Assembly, aims to provide more effective funding for research and development of new treatments and diagnostics for resistant pathogens by identifying and prioritizing R&D gaps, promoting increased investment in push and pull incentives, and fostering international collaboration.
PNG breaks new ground in tuberculosis research
The publication of the first compendium of studies on tuberculosis (TB) in Papua New Guinea (PNG) marks a watershed for scientific research in the field and the development of future leaders for the national response to this pressing public health crisis. The papers focus on a range of epidemiological, clinical and programmatic implementation aspects of TB in Papua New Guinea and represent findings from the research projects undertaken by participants in the operational research training course implemented by the Burnet Institute, University of PNG and PNG Institute of Medical Research under the stewardship of the National Department of Health. The manuscripts produced from this course highlight important operational issues for the TB program in Papua New Guinea, and collectively represent an extremely valuable resource.
India declared free of Avian Influenza
With effect from September 3, the OIE-World Organisation for Animal Health declared the country free of the virus, the Centre’s Animal Husbandry Department informed the states in a letter. In the last two years, outbreaks of the disease had been reported from several places, including Budhibara, Patharaganja, Malud, Brahmandeo, Kanheipur, Epinga and Nandala in Odisha, Goraho, Mubarakchak and Babura in Bihar and Fazil Khuthari in Jharkhand. All of them had been reported to the OIE and containment measures undertaken as per protocol.
How Delhi Government Has Battled Dengue With Startling Success
Dr. KK Aggarwal
A strong political will coupled with citizens' co-operation worked wonders to bring down the number of Dengue cases in the city even as the country faces an upward trend. From 4,431 cases in the capital in 2016 to 4,726 in 2017, and 2,798 in 2018, there has been around 80% reduction, and that's quite praiseworthy. All the stakeholders led by the state government worked towards one goal - reducing the cases of Dengue in the city. The efforts of health and sanitary departments, hospitals, RWAs, and the general public, including school children, youth and women's groups, lowered the casualty figures to just one in Delhi in 2017.
Aklan enforces stricter rules to prevent ASF entry
Boy Ryan Zabal
Authorities here sustained its heighten security and quarantine measures to prevent the entry of animal diseases in airports and seaports of the province. Provincial Veterinary Office-Aklan is closely monitoring the entry of live animals, meat products and meat-by products in Aklan by setting up quarantine checkpoints in Altavas, Buruanga and Nabas to ensure meat products sold in markets are safe for human consumption. KIA Veterinary Quarantine Services head Dr. Christine Lynn Melgarejo said there is no outbreak of ASF, bird flu and foot and mouth disease in Aklan, despite cases of swine mortalities in Luzon.
RDC XI Endorses DOH Anti-Dengue Advocacy Campaign
In support of the Department of Health’s (DOH) urgent campaign against dengue fever, the Regional Development Council (RDC) XI calls on government agencies and local government units to urge households, schools and communities to take preventive measures to curb the rising cases of the mosquito-borne disease in Davao Region. As key interventions, the DOH has encouraged everyone to be prime movers in controlling the mosquito population and avoiding possible dengue deaths within the community through (1) 4S strategy, (2) Four o’clock habit to search and destroy possible mosquito-breeding places at 4 p.m. daily, and the (3) Aksyon Barangay Kontra Dengue. The 4S campaign stands for “Search and Destroy” mosquito breeding places, “Secure Self Protection” from mosquito bite, “Seek Early Consultation” when signs and symptoms of dengue occur, and “Say Yes to Fogging” as a last resort when there is an impending outbreak.
Malaria breakthrough as scientists find ‘highly effective’ way to kill parasite
Human trials of new antimalarial drugs are in the pipeline after Kenyan scientists successfully used bacteria to kill the parasite that causes the disease. The Kenya Medical Research Institute (Kemri) and global health partners say the breakthrough could potentially lead to the development of a new class of drugs in less than two years.