The Global Field Epidemiology Roadmap
16 NOV - To safeguard and promote the health of its citizens, every country must have effective field epidemiology capacity. To that end, in 1980, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) began supporting the development of Field Epidemiology Training Programs (FETPs) in countries throughout the world. This initiative has grown in importance since then, as many countries and regions with inadequate public health capacities face public health threats of increasing scope and complexity.
Evaluation of Influenza A H1N1 infection and antiviral utilization in a tertiary care hospital
16 NOV Via Cidrap Talita Rantin Belucci et al.,
Influenza A H1N1 infections carry a significant mortality risk. This study describes inpatients with suspected and confirmed Influenza A H1N1 infection who were prescribed oseltamivir, the risk factors associated with infection, the association between infection and mortality, and the factors associated with in-hospital mortality in infected patients.
A vaccine that could block mosquitoes from transmitting malaria
15 NOV Wei-Chiao Huang et al.,
Is it possible to eradicate malaria? It is a question with which many researchers have grappled, and many ideas have been proposed.
Isrupting parasites' family planning could aid malaria fight
15 NOV - Malaria parasites know good times from bad and plan their offspring accordingly, scientists have found, in a development that could inform new treatments.
Evidence of Artemisinin-Resistant Plasmodium falciparum Malaria in Eastern India
15 NOV - Via CIDRAP
In this study, we identified G625R as a potential novel mutation that, along with R539T, is associated with artemisinin resistance. Other mutations in kelch13 have previously been reported,4,5 but how this newly identified mutation affects artemisinin resistance and the outcome of infection remains to be elucidated.
Global Health Security Meets Infection Prevention
15 NOV - Saskia v. Popescu
The 5th Ministerial Meeting of the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) was held last week in Bali, Indonesia, to address the current state of the GHSA, strategies to improve international and national readiness, and to launch the 2024 Framework which serves as a guideline for the next phase of the GHSA.
Canine Influenza Virus A(H3N2) Clade with Antigenic Variation, China, 2016–2017
Ahead of print - Yanli Lyu et al.,
A new antigenically and genetically distinct CIV H3N2 clade possessing mutations associated with mammalian adaptation emerged in 2016 and replaced previously circulating strains. This clade probably poses a risk for zoonotic infection.
Certain Iron Deficiencies May Protect Against Malaria in African Children
14 NOV - Zahra Masoud
The safety of iron supplementation has been a long-standing concern in malaria-endemic areas and is recommended to be coupled with malaria treatment and prevention strategies in malaria-endemic areas.
Global Health Security: Protecting the United States in an Interconnected World
14 NOV - Rebecca E. Bunnell et al.,
In 2014, the United States joined other nations, international organizations, and key global stakeholders to launch the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) to accelerate progress toward full implementation of the International Health Regulations
Maternally acquired Zika immunity can increase dengue disease severity in mouse pups
14 NOV - Based on these reports, La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI) investigator Sujan Shresta, Ph.D., who studies both dengue and Zika viruses, began to explore a related question, namely, whether maternal immunity to Zika virus, which is structurally and genetically similar to dengue, might trigger a severe response to dengue infection in offspring.