Global Health Security: Protecting the United States in an Interconnected World
14 NOV - Rebecca E. Bunnell et al.,
In 2014, the United States joined other nations, international organizations, and key global stakeholders to launch the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) to accelerate progress toward full implementation of the International Health Regulations
Maternally acquired Zika immunity can increase dengue disease severity in mouse pups
14 NOV - Based on these reports, La Jolla Institute for Immunology (LJI) investigator Sujan Shresta, Ph.D., who studies both dengue and Zika viruses, began to explore a related question, namely, whether maternal immunity to Zika virus, which is structurally and genetically similar to dengue, might trigger a severe response to dengue infection in offspring.
New international partnership to bring better hospitals, better healthcare for all Fijians
14 NOV - The Fijian Government has signed a Letter of Award with Australia-based Aspen Medical Pty Limited to equip, maintain and operate the Ba and Lautoka hospitals, as well as undertake a vast upgrade of the Lautoka Hospital, bringing specialised, high-quality medical services and modern health facilities direct to all Fijians.
More dengue cases reported from Delhi; toll rises to 1,875
13 NOV - Nearly 280 fresh cases of dengue have been reported over the last one week in the national capital, taking the total number of people diagnosed with the vector-borne disease this season to 1,875.
Enterovirus D68 – The New Polio?
13 NOV Via CIDRAP - Hayley Cassidy et al.,
Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) has emerged over the recent years, with large outbreaks worldwide. Increased occurrence has coincided with improved clinical awareness and surveillance of non-polio enteroviruses. Studies showing its neurotropic nature and the change in pathogenicity have established EV-D68 as a probable cause of Acute Flaccid Myelitis (AFM).
ResistanceSim: development and acceptability study of a serious game to improve understanding of insecticide resistance management in vector control programmes
13 NOV Edward K. Thomsen et al., - The use of insecticides is the cornerstone of effective malaria vector control. However, the last two decades has seen the ubiquitous use of insecticides, predominantly pyrethroids, causing widespread insecticide resistance and compromising the effectiveness of vector control. Considerable efforts to develop new active ingredients and interventions are underway. However, it is essential to deploy strategies to mitigate the impact of insecticide resistance now, both to maintain the efficacy of currently available tools as well as to ensure the sustainability of new tools as they come to market.
One Health-One Education: Medical and Veterinary Inter-Professional Training
Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Physicians and veterinarians are increasingly expected to collaborate across disciplines; however, in most cases their education and training remain isolated. Students are rarely provided with opportunities for inter-professional learning during their coursework and clinical training. One Health issues (e.g., zoonotic diseases, water pollution, toxic waste, impact of climate change, and food safety and security) not only engage students across disciplines, but require faculty and senior leadership across various health-related fields to share knowledge and balance perspectives throughout curriculum development and implementation. Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii infection) was selected as the first case because of the potentially different perspectives that medical and veterinary practitioners may have on advising a pregnant woman with regard to risk factors, prevention, testing, and treatment.
8 deaths, 1,636 dengue cases recorded in Negros Oriental: DOH
12 NOV - Mary Judaline Partlow
The Department of Health (DOH) in Negros Oriental has reported that as of the latest count, the number of dengue cases in the province ballooned to 1,636 with eight deaths.
WHO Report on Surveillance of Antibiotic Consumption 2016 - 2018 Early implementation
12 NOV - This report presents 2015 data on the consumption of systemic antibiotics from 65 countries and areas, contributing to our understanding of how antibiotics are used in these countries. In addition, the report documents early efforts of the World Health Organization (WHO) and participating countries to monitor antimicrobial consumption, describes the WHO global methodology for data collection, and highlights the challenges and future steps in monitoring antimicrobial consumption.
Risk of neuropsychiatric adverse events associated with the use of oseltamivir: a nationwide population-based case-crossover study
12 NOV Via CIDRAP - Hye-Rim Kang et al.,
Although the potential risk of neuropsychiatric adverse events (NPAEs) upon administration of oseltamivir has been raised in case reports, the association between the use of oseltamivir and the risk of NPAEs is unclear.