MERS outbreaks in Saudi Arabia led to increased PPE use
27 NOV Via CIDRAP Subscription required - Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq et at.,
According to a study yesterday in the American Journal of Infection Control, the MERS-CoV epidemic that began in Saudi Arabia in 2012 resulted in more use of personal protective equipment (PPE) among Saudi healthcare workers. To conduct the study, the authors tracked the use of gloves, surgical masks, N95 respirators, alcohol-based hand sanitizer, and soap during April and May of 2013 at a Saudi hospital, which had 17 positive and 82 negative cases of MERS-CoV (Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus) from Apr 1 through Jun 3 of that year.
Japanese scientist lists ways to contain dengue epidemic in Kolkata
26 NOV - Subhajoy Roy
Tokyo had a brush with dengue about four years ago but contained the disease by destroying all breeding spots in the area where the vector-borne disease had infected 300 people, a scientist with the National Institute of Infectious Diseases in Japan said.Yoshifumi Takeda, who was in Calcutta to attend a conference on Saturday, said the authorities kept a strict vigil and destroyed all possible breeding grounds every year though there weren’t any cases of dengue.
Nipah Virus Outbreak In Kerala: Only First Victim Infected By Bats, Other Patients Infected At Hospitals
26 NOV - Six months ago in May, Kerala was rocked by the Nipah virus outbreak, which claimed 17 lives. Kerala government’s concerted efforts at swift intervention could help contain a possible epidemic, which could have had devastating consequences. Fruit bats were identified as the culprits behind the outbreak by the Indian Council of Medical Research.
Public health agencies to mobilize country’s HIV reduction goals
26 NOV - Public health organizations have signed a memorandum to meet the country’s HIV reduction goals. The National Health Security Office, the Department of Disease Control, the Thai Red Cross Society, and networks of HIV and AIDS patients have signed a memorandum drafted for the upcoming World AIDS Day on December 1st.
Nipah article by Kerala Health Secretary: ‘There is no mix-up in the figures’
25 NOV - The articles in The Journal of Infectious Diseases (TJID) and British Medical Journal (BMJ) Global Health, co-authored by Health Secretary Rajeev Sadanandan, mention the death toll as 21, whereas the government figure is 17. The BMJ and TJID published the articles in September and October, respectively.
Palawan records increase in malaria cases
25 NOV - Keith Anthony S. Fabro
Palawan has again seen a spike in malaria cases, with 4,162 cases recorded from January 1 to November 16 this year, higher than last year's 3,824 cases, government records show. The resurgence of malaria cases in Palawan came after a significant decline in cases from 2015 to 2017, according to data from the Department of Health (DOH) in Mimaropa.
Sri Lanka highlights priorities in health-security interface in Geneva
24 NOV - Representing Sri Lanka at this health-security interface forum, Ambassador Azeez explained the existing disease surveillance mechanism in Sri Lanka, which comprised a wide range of medical and administrative networks including at national, provincial, and district levels. He also drew attention to the role and contribution of hospitals and primary healthcare units in addressing this challenge efficaciously as well as to laws and policies in place in this context.
Animal viruses: new model predicts which may spread among humans
22 NOV - Joseph W. Walker et al.,
Researchers have developed a model that predicts which of the viruses that can jump from animals to people can also be transmitted from person to person–and are therefore possible sources of human diseases. The study, published recently in PLOS One, identified several viruses that are not yet known to spread among humans but may have that potential, suggesting possible targets for future disease surveillance and research efforts.To understand these interactions, Drake and his team compiled the most comprehensive list to date of viruses known to infect humans and the biological characteristics of those viruses.The team identified several traits that were most common among the viruses on their list that are known to spread among humans. These included the ability to infect nonhuman primates such as monkeys and apes, the lack of an encasing envelope of lipids around the virus, and the presence of the virus in the human liver, central nervous system or respiratory tract.The next step was to analyze viruses not known to spread among humans and rank how likely they were to be transmissible based on their traits.
Threat to access to medicines looms large
22 NOV - Anand Grover
Globally spiraling prices of medicines and vaccines continue to present a major barrier to treatment. However, this concern is not reflected in trade negotiations. Yet, hidden in the intellectual property chapter are clauses that could prevent millions of people in Indonesia from gaining access to necessary, life-saving medicines.
UAE supports halal vaccine production from Indonesia
22 NOV - Libertina W. Ambari
Amin Hussain Alameeri, assistant undersecretary of Public Health Policy and Licensing at the United Arab Emirates`s (UAE`s) Ministry of Health, has supported Indonesia`s idea to produce halal vaccines and medicines in accordance with Islamic Law. Halal vaccine was one of the topics discussed at the OIC meeting, in addition to efforts toward attaining independence in the production of drugs and vaccines, and the control of counterfeit drugs.