Nationwide survey in Japan finds deep misconceptions about antibiotics
7 NOV - via CIDRAP
A nationwide survey in Japan has found that misconceptions about antimicrobials and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) abound, and many have taken antimicrobials inappropriately, with almost half having obtained antibiotics for the common cold.
Transmissibility of emerging viral zoonoses
7 NOV - Joseph W. Walker et al.,
Effective public health research and preparedness requires an accurate understanding of which virus species possess or are at risk of developing human transmissibility. Unfortunately, our ability to identify these viruses is limited by gaps in disease surveillance and an incomplete understanding of the process of viral adaptation. By fitting boosted regression trees to data on 224 human viruses and their associated traits, we developed a model that predicts the human transmission ability of zoonotic viruses with over 84% accuracy. This model identifies several viruses that may have an undocumented capacity for transmission between humans.
Indonesia prioritizes health in national development
6 NOV - Health development in Indonesia is the most important pillar of national security, according to Coordinating Minister for Human Development and Culture Puan Maharani.
"National security is a cross-cutting problem, so we must include health, education, environment, and others," Maharani remarked at the opening of the Ministerial Meeting of the 5th Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA) here on Tuesday.
Book: Lessons from the Ebola front lines
6 NOV - Pardis Sabeti and Lara Salahi
Outbreak Culture: The Ebola Crisis and the Next Epidemic Harvard University Press (2018)
Health Ministry warns of emerging infectious diseases
6 NOV - Indonesia`s Health Ministry has called on the public to increase awareness against the emerging infectious disease and address global health threat.
Phase 2 trial shows chikungunya vaccine to be safe, immunogenic
5 NOV - Reisinger et al.
MV-CHIK showed excellent safety and tolerability and good immunogenicity, independent of pre-existing immunity against the vector. MV-CHIK is a promising candidate vaccine for the prevention of chikungunya fever, an emerging disease of global concern.
Community-based cohort studies may hold the key to tackling dengue infections
5 NOV - The monsoons in India bring with them a much-awaited relief from the summer's heat, and a host of headline-catching infectious diseases. In a country with a population of over 100 million, managing contagious diseases that burden the economy and public health is a challenge.
Zika Biomarkers Could Lead to Prenatal Diagnostic
2 NOV - Discovery that could lead to screening tests and a better understanding about how the infection leads to fetal abnormalities. Findings from the new study were published today in the Journal of Clinical Investigation Insight.
Health insurance and patient satisfaction: Evidence from the poorest regions of Vietnam
2 NOV - Nga Le et al.,
Even though health insurance is expanding rapidly in Vietnam, its coverage is not effective. There remain inefficiencies in the healthcare system with quality concerns, especially at primary care and in remote areas. However, very little is known about how health insurance is valued by people and whether health insurance coverage can translate into quality healthcare. This paper investigates the relationship between health insurance and patient satisfaction with medical care in the poorest regions of Vietnam. The authors use multi-level models for ordinal responses on a cross-sectional dataset of the poorest regions of Vietnam in 2012. They find that it is not health insurance coverage per se but the financial coverage that matters to improve patient satisfaction with medical care. Patient satisfaction depends on the breadth and depth of insurance coverage (i.e. services and medicines covered, co-payment rate for each service) and the ability to use health insurance to reduce medical costs via the co-payment mechanism.
Influenza H5/H7 Virus Vaccination in Poultry and Reduction of Zoonotic Infections, Guangdong Province, China, 2017–18
Ahead of print - Wu et al.
We compared the detection frequency of avian influenza H7 subtypes at live poultry markets in Guangdong Province, China, before and after the introduction of a bivalent H5/H7 vaccine in poultry. The vaccine was associated with a 92% reduction in H7 positivity rates among poultry and a 98% reduction in human H7N9 cases.