How Met Office weather data is being used to predict cholera outbreaks
29 AUG - Sophisticated computer models of weather data and population movement are being used to predict future outbreaks of cholera.
Weather data from the UK Met Office and Nasa is being combined with research on the spread of the disease to predict where there is likely to be a cholera outbreak in Yemen – helping health workers to plan a response.
Russian Twitter trolls are 'weaponising' the online vaccine debate
29 AUG - Fake Twitter accounts and Russian trolls are “weaponising” public health communications, sowing misinformation and discord in online discussions on vaccines, according to research.
Researchers in the US have analysed 1.7 million tweets to look at the roles that bots – automated content generators – and trolls (individual users) play in influencing public debate around the safety of vaccines.
Experts give recommendations for next phase of US global health strategy
29 AUG VIA CIDRAP - A spending bill passed by Congress in March that extended funding for global health security programs for another 3 years directed the Trump Administration to create a strategy to guide future US efforts in the area, which is due this fall. In July, a group of stakeholders brought together by the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security met to contribute their input. The center yesterday released a summary report that covers the major recommendations from the daylong event, which involved discussion among more than 70 experts.
Overcrowded Vachira Phuket Hospital to refuse non-critical patients due to bed shortage
28 AUG - Vachira Phuket Hospital in Phuket Town, which is the main government hospital on the island, from Oct 1 will begin refusing to treat non-critical inpatients from other areas across the island unless they have been referred by a medical specialist due to a bed shortage.
Association of Rapid Molecular Testing With Duration of Respiratory Isolation for Patients With Possible Tuberculosis in a US Hospital
27 AUG - Molecular analysis of sputum samples from suspected tuberculosis (TB) patients helps rule out TB diagnoses, reduces patient time in isolation, and cuts the cost of treatment - Study
The discovery of Bombali virus adds further support for bats as hosts of ebolaviruses
27 AUG - Abstract: Here we describe the complete genome of a new ebolavirus, Bombali virus (BOMV) detected in free-tailed bats in Sierra Leone (little free-tailed (Chaerephon pumilus) and Angolan free-tailed (Mops condylurus)). The bats were found roosting inside houses, indicating the potential for human transmission. We show that the viral glycoprotein can mediate entry into human cells. However, further studies are required to investigate whether exposure has actually occurred or if BOMV is pathogenic in humans.
China Has Withheld Samples of a Dangerous Flu Virus
27 AUG - Despite an international agreement, U.S. health authorities still have not received H7N9 avian flu specimens from their Chinese counterparts.
Hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae: a Call for Consensus Definition and International Collaboration
27 AUG - Hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae strains have higher potential to cause more severe and disseminated infections than classic K. pneumoniae strains. While initially reported from East Asian countries, cases have now been identified worldwide, sometimes in conjunction with extensive drug resistance.
H5N1 avian flu detected at 2 more farms in Malaysia
25 AUG - Malaysian livestock officials announced two more highly pathogenic H5N1 avian flu outbreaks, both in the same area as other recent detections, according to an Aug 25 report to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). via CIDRAP
Technical International Animal Health Liaison Group Newsletter 2018-01
23 AUG - The Technical International Animal Health Liaison (TIAHL) group consists of representatives from Australian Government Departments
The newsletter focuses on emerging international animal health issues, and includes a ‘spotlight’ article on a nominated disease or issue; this issue, Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)