The Centre for Health Security is working with the Government of Indonesia and partner organisations to strengthen capacities to prepare and respond to health security threats, including COVID-19.
Indonesia conducted a Joint External Evaluation (JEE) in November 2017, and supported World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) reviews of veterinary services in 2007 and 2010. An IHR-PVS Bridging Workshop was held in August 2017 to better coordinate responses from animal and human health sectors, and address gaps in funding. A National Action Plan for Health Security is being finalised.
Bilateral support includes two phases of the Australia-Indonesia Partnership for Emerging Infectious Diseases (AIP-EID), which worked to increase public health emergency preparedness. In 2020, new activities under the Australia-Indonesia Health Security Partnership (AIHSP) commenced and Australia took early action to refocus its development program, with $21 million through existing programs and partnerships to support the response to COVID-19 in Indonesia.
The Centre for Health Security conducted a Scoping Mission to Southeast Asia in 2018, which provided recommendations to inform priorities and propose areas for investment. In March 2019, DFAT opened a call for proposals for activities through the Pacific Infectious Disease Prevention (PIDP) and ASEAN-Pacific Infectious Disease Detection and Response (APIDDaR) programs and in 2020, partners commence activities to prepare and respond to major health security threats, including COVID-19.
The following regional programs have been developed to build health security capacity in Indonesia:
- A program to improve data collection and use, Strengthen Preparedness in Asia-Pacific Region through Knowledge (SPARK), delivered by the Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity.
- Animal health laboratory strengthening, to build capacity in , biosecurity, laboratory and disease diagnostics through twinning, training and placements, led by CSIRO’s Australian Centre for Disease Preparedness. The program will work in partnership with the Disease Investigation Centre, Wates.
- Evaluating zoonotic malaria transmission and agricultural land use in Indonesia (ZOOMAL), a joint DFAT-ACIAR One Health surveillance project focused on zoonotic malaria in Kalimantan, North Sumatra and Aceh.
- Health systems research through a project, Protecting Indonesia from the Threat of Antibiotic Resistance (PINTAR), to examine drug sellers and appropriate use of antibiotics. This project is led by the Kirby Institute with Gadjah Mada University and Sebelas Maret University in Indonesia.
- Health systems research through STRATUM, a project to review the development and implementation of a package of cost-effective interventions for multi-drug resistant malaria and new approaches to tuberculosis case detection and prevention. This project is led by Menzies School of Health Research, and partners with Gadjah Mada University in Indonesia.
- Research trials on the introduction of the Wolbachia bacteria to mosquitoes to reduce risks from dengue and other arboviruses, implemented by the World Mosquito Program (WMP). This includes field sites in Yogyakarta.
- Strengthening the front line for health secure communities, a program to train volunteers and engage communities in outbreak surveillance and response, implemented by the Australian Red Cross together with James Cook University and Pelang Merah Indonesia
- Support for collective action to eliminate malaria across Asia and the Pacific through the Asia Pacific Leaders Malaria Alliance (APLMA), and funding for the APLMA/APMEN Secretariat to deliver advocacy and provide policy guidance.
- Support for Indonesia’s national medicines regulatory authority (BPOM) through the Indo-Pacific Regulatory Strengthening Program to improve the impact and safety of medical products, in partnership with Australia’s Therapeutic Goods Administration.
- The PRIME-TB (PNG and the Republic of Indonesia for the Micro-Elimination of TB) program, which will establish micro-elimination and outbreak response sites in the Papua province of Indonesia and across the border in Papua New Guinea, led by Burnet Institute.
- Training in surveillance and outbreak investigation for veterinarians and the para-veterinary workforce, delivered by the University of Sydney and Charles Sturt University.
- Volunteer deployments with partner organisations in Indonesia through the Health Security Corps, including UNAIDS and the The University of Nusa Cendana.