Protecting Indonesia from the Threat of Antibiotic Resistance - PINTAR

What we aim to achieve:

Improvement of antibiotic dispensing practices across Indonesia.

How we will achieve it:

The study will investigate the context in which drug sellers operate and evaluate interventions to improve appropriate use of antibiotics in Indonesia.


  • University of New South Wales, Kirby Institute
  • Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
  • Sebelas Maret University
  • London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
  • The George Institute for Global Health



Self-medication and over the counter supply of antibiotics, a widespread practice in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, is recognised as a key driver of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). AMR is considered one of the biggest threats to human and animal health today. It can lead to standard treatments becoming ineffective as well as infections persisting and spreading to others.

Funding: $ 1,910,000

Program Manager:

Associate Professor Virginia Wiseman

Kirby Institute Media Release

Sub-Study on understanding the role of community pharmacies and drug stores during the COVID-19 outbreak in Indonesia