Surveillance Network for Zoonotic Malaria in Indonesia - ZOOMAL

What we aim to achieve:

Establish a network for surveillance for P. knowlesi and other zoonotic Plasmodium malaria species.

How we will achieve it:  

By building on existing collaborations to optimise Indonesian Government health policy and program delivery.


  • Menzies School of Health Research, Darwin, Australia
  • Eijkman Institute for Molecular Biology, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • University of North Sumatera, Indonesia


Kalimantan, North Sumatra and Aceh, Indonesia

Funding: $250,000 co-funded by ACIAR and DFAT.

There has been an increase in incidence of human malaria from the zoonotic parasite P. knowlesi. P. knowlesi is a parasite of the long-tailed and pig-tailed macaques, transmitted by the Anopheles leusphyrus group of mosquitos. Human malaria has now been reported throughout South-East Asia, with most cases occurring in agricultural workers. The team on this project will strengthen systems for surveillance of zoonotic malaria in the region, by establishing a network for molecular surveillance of Plasmodium knowlesi and other zoonotic Plasmodium species in Indonesia. It will lead to a better understanding of the burden of zoonotic malaria species in Indonesia.

The key objectives of the project are to:

  • Build capacity to use new diagnostic tests that can diagnose multiple malaria species
  • Establish pilot malaria surveillance activities at health facilities in North Kalimantan, North Sumatra, and Sabang (Aceh)
  • Evaluate the incidence of zoonotic Plasmodium species (including mixed infections) among patients diagnosed with malaria by microscopy at health facilities in North and East Kalimantan, North Sumatra, and Sabang, and among febrile controls
  • Evaluate epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients with malaria due to P. knowlesi or other zoonotic species in patients presenting to health facilities in North and East Kalimantan, North Sumatra, and Sabang.

Chief Investigator: 

Dr Matthew Griggs (Menzies School of Health Research)