Flag of East Timor

Timor-Leste has made steady progress in the health sector by reconstructing health facilities, expanding community based health services such as the integrated community health services and building capacity in the health workforce. There has been rapid scale-up of malaria interventions in Timor-Leste and malaria incidence has declined dramatically. Timor-Leste has one of the highest tuberculosis (TB) incidence rates in the region.

Reducing the burden of communicable diseases as well as strengthening emergency preparedness, surveillance and response (including implementing the provisions of the International Health Regulations) are key priorities for the health sector in Timor-Leste.

A Joint External Evaluation of International Health Regulations core capacities was conducted in Timor-Leste in November 2018 and a World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) review of veterinary services in 2011. The Centre for Health Security is working with partners, including the Menzies School of Health Research in Darwin and with the Fleming Fund, a UK-government initiative to address the threat of antimicrobial resistance, to respond to priorities identified by the JEE and OIE reviews.


In March 2019, DFAT opened a call for proposals under the Health Security Initiative for country-specific and multi-country activities to strengthen infectious disease detection, prevention and response in the Indo-Pacific region. Two streams of funding have been established:

  • The Pacific Infectious Disease Prevention (PIDP) program - $25 million over 2019-2022.
  • The ASEAN-Pacific Infectious Disease Detection and Response (APIDDaR) program - $28 million over 2019-2022.

As at November 2019, the Centre for Health Security is undertaking a collaborative design process with a group of preferred partner organisations, who were selected on the basis of demonstrated organisational capacity and activity concepts.


The following programs supported under the Health Security Initiative include Timor-Leste as one of the target countries:

Country & Regional

  • Asia Pacific Leaders Malaria Alliance (APLMA)

    A high-level initiative for collective action to eliminate malaria across Asia and the Pacific by 2030. The APLMA/APMEN Secretariat delivers its objectives through advocacy and outreach; fostering and strengthening partnerships and innovation; and providing policy guidance.

  • Tupaia

    Tupaia combines data from multiple sources to help improve the availability of medicines, map disease outbreaks, respond to disasters and strengthen service provision in the Indo-Pacific.