Self-medication and over the counter supply of antibiotics, a widespread practice in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, is recognised as a key driver of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). AMR is considered one of the biggest threats to human and animal health today. It can lead to standard treatments becoming ineffective as well as infections persisting and spreading to others.
The Protecting Indonesia from the Threat of Antibiotic Resistance (PINTAR) study will result in the improvement of antibiotic dispensing practices across Indonesia. The study will investigate the context in which drug sellers operate and evaluate interventions to improve appropriate use of antibiotics in Indonesia.